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learn about common foot conditions


Skin Conditions

Plantar Warts

Verruca Pedis—commonly known as a plantar wart—is a small, rough growth resembling a cauliflower or solid blister. Warts are caused by one strain of HPV) and often require treatment by a Chiropodist.

Calluses

Calluses are a thickening of the skin, typically as a result of excess pressure. They commonly form along the sole of the foot and on the tops of toes. Calluses tend to be more common in women than men.

Corns

Corns are a hard growth that typically form on the toes. They are commonly found on top or between toes as well as on the baby toe and can result in pain, swelling, or redness.

Xerosis

Also known as chronic dry skin, xerosis is usually mild enough to manage without major medical intervention; however, certain groups of the population may require more frequent attention. The elderly are most often affected by xerosis and it can be especially uncomfortable if moisture (such as topical moisturizer) is not applied.

Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection affecting the skin and feet. It is transmitted from person to person as a result of walking moist floors such as swimming pool decks or shared bathroom facilities. Symptoms of athlete’s foot include reddening, peeling, or cracking of the skin generally accompanied by an itching or stinging sensation.

Blisters

Blisters are liquid or air-filled bubbles that form on the surface of the skin caused by friction or repetitive rubbing. Blisters typically form from wearing tight or ill-fitting shoes for long periods of time.

Nail Conditions:

Fungal Toenails

Fungus is the most common disease of the nails and occurs in about 10% of the adult population. A fungal nail infection is an infection underneath the nail, frequently accompanied by the thickening and discolouration of the nails themselves.

Ingrown Toenails

An ingrown toenail occurs when the side of the nail pierces the flesh of the toe. Improper nail cutting, excessive sweating, poor foot mechanics, ill fitting shoes, hosiery, wide nails and pulp toes can all lead to ingrown toe nails. Untreated ingrown toenails can easily become infected.

Musculoskeletal Conditions

Bunions

A bunion is a deformity characterized by an excess of misaligned bone in the joint, typically caused by incorrect foot mechanics and exacerbated by improper footwear. Bunions can be treated with changes in footwear and orthotics: these two preventative measures will help prevent further growth.

Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendonitis develops when the Achilles tendon becomes swollen and inflamed, generally provoked by improper exercise habits, overuse or arthritis.

Plantar Fasciitis

The Plantar Fascia is the long, thick, fibrous band spanning from the heel to the ball of the foot. This band can become abnormally stretched by walking for long periods in unsupportive footwear, leading to micro- tears and pain under the heel.

Heel Spur

Heel spurs are caused by formation of calcium deposits due to the plantar fascia pulling away from the heel. Symptoms of heel spurs include inflammation and severe heel pain.

Gout

Gout occurs when there is a build-up of uric acid in the joints, generally affecting the joints in the big toe, ankle or knee. The affected joint may appear warm and red, and may feel tender. Gout is often described as a throbbing, crushing, or excruciating pain.

Hallux Rigidus

Hallux Rigidus is a form of degenerative arthritis that affects the big toe. Symptoms include pain, stiffness, discomfort, and difficulty moving the big toe joint. As a result, this condition can have a large impact on performance of day-to-day activities.

Hammer Toe

A hammer toe is a deformity of the toe, generally a bent middle joint that makes it painful to walk or wear closed footwear for an extended period of time. The most common cause of hammer toe is the use of improper footwear such as high heels or ill-fitting shoes.

Metatarsalgia

Metatarsalgia is pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot (known as the metatarsal). Remember, foot pain is not normal! It is important not to ignore these symptoms – see your foot care professional to receive treatment to avoid further injury.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a painful inflammatory disease that most commonly affects the wrists, ankles, feet, and fingers. It has no cure and worsens over time, causing loss of mobility and deformity.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when the posterior tibial nerve, which runs along the inner part of the ankle and foot, becomes compressed or squeezed. Those who have flat feet are at a greater risk of having this condition as their regular movement can put pressure on the outer part of the foot and strain the tibial nerve.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of your bones gradually thins. Osteoarthritis most commonly affects the joints of the knees, hips, spine, and hands. Since no cure exists for this condition, preventative measures like staying active can help to reduce the risks associated with living with osteoarthritis.

Flat Feet

Flat feet refers to lower than average arches on the inside of the foot, which commonly results in ankle, knee, and hip problems.

Shin Splints

Shin splints are very common, especially among athletes. They result from long-distance running or running over hard surfaces and cause an acute pain in the shin. Flat footedness is also a cause of this disorder so the use of custom orthotics can help treat shin splints.

Circulatory Conditions

Diabetes

People with diabetes are at greater risk for foot problems. Diabetics must constantly monitor their feet to avoid potential nerve damage and circulatory problems. To prevent chronic damage, it is important to treat early signs and symptoms.

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton’s Neuroma is a common foot problem associated with the swelling and inflammation of a nerve. Symptoms of Morton’s Neuroma include sharp pain and a burning sensation. In more severe instances, tingling or loss of feeling in the affected area may occur.

Ulcer

Injuries

Sports injuries

Description needed from Feet First Clinic

Foot and ankle braces

Description needed from Feet First

Ulcer