10 Common Foot Facts That All People Should Know
Published: January 2, 2020
Goodbye 2019 and hello 2020!
The start of a new decade has many of us looking forward to new beginnings, new adventures, and new goals. One goal in particular you may want to think about adding to your New Year’s resolutions is keeping your feet healthy and happy this year. Your feet work hard to support your body weight and take you wherever you want or need to go throughout the day, yet they are easily the most neglected part of the human body. Begin the year off right by making some changes, starting with educating yourself and building simple habits to take care of your feet.
Here are 10 simple facts about feet that all people should know.
- Each foot contains 26 bones, 33 joints, and more than 100 muscles, tendons, and ligaments. You don’t have to remember the specifics, but the takeaway is to know that many structural elements come together to hold the foot together and allow it to move in various ways.
- The most common ailments of the foot include ankle sprains, corns, calluses, nail problems, and plantar fasciitis.
- Wearing properly fitted footwear is very important to your foot health. If you are unsure of your size, have your feet measured before purchasing shoes. In addition, always try them on. Make sure to leave 1 inch or about a finger’s width between the longest toe and end of shoe.
- To expand on the previous point, wear shoes that resemble the general shape of your foot. Avoid shoes with a narrow and pointed toe box, especially if you have bunions. Keep in mind, there are shoe companies that make shoes of differing widths in addition to various lengths.
- Wearing heels can shorten or tighten your calf muscle. A tight calf can lead to Achilles’ tendonitis or ankle equinus.
- If your feet are well-aligned, your toes will point straight ahead when you are walking. The first point of contact is your heel, then the outside border of your foot, then the ball of your foot, and finally the big toe.
- A custom foot orthotic can help to support, stabilize, and balance the foot, ultimately improving foot alignment and gait patterns. It is recommended to replace an orthotic every 2-3 years.
- Wash your feet daily and dry well in between the toes. Finish with daily applications of a urea-based moisturizer. This simple practice helps to reduce bacterial and fungal load and keep the skin’s integrity at its best. The skin is your first line defense against infections.
- Trim your toenails straight across and not too short. This helps to reduce risk of breaks in the nail as well as ingrown toenails.
- There are approximately 250,000 sweat glands in the feet and on average, they excrete around 1 cup of moisture in one day. Wearing socks made of natural fibers like cotton and wool instead of synthetic materials will help to create a more breathable environment.
Book an appointment
You do not need a referral to become a patient at our foot clinic. Schedule an appointment by using the Appointment Request form below or contact the clinic at 416-769-FEET(3338).